Dr. Tasha Menaker is back on Justice Clearinghouse for part two of her three-part webinar series that seeks to understand sexual assault perpetration.
Dr. Menaker holds an MA in Clinical Psychology and a Ph.D. in Criminal Justice. She has done extensive research on sexual and domestic violence since 2005 and is currently the Director of Sexual Violence Response Initiatives with the Arizona Coalition to End Sexual and Domestic Violence.
During the first part of the webinar, Dr. Menaker talked about sexual assault offender demographics, how victims are being targeted, the primary motivations of offenders, common characteristics, and perpetration tactics. This time around, she will be expounding on sex offender typologies, risk factors for sexual assault perpetration, and recidivism.
Some of the points she unpacked on this course are:
- An overview of the webinar series, and the scope and limitation of the research and data she will be presenting.
- The need to create typologies in our attempt to understand a behavior that is beyond comprehension and to develop prevention, response, and treatment methods.
- The top three typologies of sexual offenders.
The Adult Male Rapist typology who are then categorized based on their motivations for their actions, and case studies for these.
- The compensatory rapist who is often ostracized or emasculated in other aspects of their life driving them to use sexual violence to gain a sense of power.
- The sadistic rapist who is motivated by violent sexual fantasies and are aroused by aggression and inflicting pain upon others.
- The anger retaliation rapist who is motivated by misogynistic beliefs and wants to take revenge on women who they think is ‘rejecting' them.
- The power/control rapist who is motivated by power and dominance and uses violence and aggression in other facets of their life.
- The opportunistic/antisocial rapist who commits rape when they have the opportunity to do so during the course of another non-sexual crime.
A Classification of adult male molesters where preferential molesters are the ones who have a specific age, gender or look that they are attracted to.
- The preferential-pedophilia molester who are attracted sexually to children or minors and have acted on their sexual urges.
- The preferential-manipulative molester who grooms children and situate themselves in position with access to their victims.
- The preferential-introverted molester who is attracted to children but lack of social skills drives them to use force and abduct children.
- The preferential-sadistic molester who is characterized by sexual arousal towards infliction of pain on children.
The situational classification of adult male molester who while primarily are attracted to adults may situationally assault children.
- Situational-inadequate who are normally attracted to adults but lack of social skills and low self-esteem drives them to connect with children in substitute of adult relationships.
- Situational-indiscriminate who abuses children physically and sexually and is often a family member or someone with regular access to the child.
- Situational-experimental who are motivated by curiosity and boredom or under the influence of substance finds amusement out of abusing children.
- The common characteristics and risk factors of sex offenders that often contribute to recidivism or repeat offense.
- The researches supporting the Campus Serial Perpetration narrative that studied men in college and their history of offending and likelihood to commit rape in the future.
- Prevention implications depending on the type of trajectory the offender falls under.
- The socio-cultural, community-level, relationship-level and individual level factors that once combined may determine what makes an individual likely to commit sexual assault.
- How pornography influences the mindset of individuals who consume it.
- Poll questions were used to gauge the attendees’ familiarity with the different typologies of sexual offenders and their familiarity with the reported recidivism rate for sex offenders.
Some of the concerns the participants raised during the Q&A include:
- Correlation of typologies to the risk of recidivism
- Perceiving pedophilia as a sexual orientation
- Studies linking possession of child pornography to actual sexual offense
- The tendency of a child sexual assault victim growing up to become an offender
- The most likely period for recidivism
- Red flag indicators for reoffending
- The Anna Salter YouTube resource
- The development/progression towards offending
Mentioned During the Webinar