NOTES Feb Advanced Supervision Strategies
Webinar Focus (0:18)
- Evidence-based strategies on the Coconino county probation advance supervision strategy
Resource Speaker (00:46)
- Supervisor, Coconino County Probation Department
- Began career in adult probation in 2011
- Experience in both standard and high-risk intensive probation
- Facilitator of the cognitive behavioral program
- Experienced coach in EPICS II skills
- Recognized as Arizona Probation Officer of the Year in 2013
- Started as an intern for the Coconino County Probation Department
- Started working on adult probation in 2016
- Handled both standard and high-risk intensive probation caseloads
- What the Coconino County is doing dealing with high-risk probation clients.
In 2015, ASSET, a specialized high-risk probation unit was created.
- ASSET (Advanced Strategies and EPICS II Team)
- 2 IPS intensive probation officers and 2 standard probation officers who supervise high-risk clients
- Cover various evidence-based practices in client supervision
- Results of the project/unit.
EPICS II (06:15)
What is EPICS II?
- Set of supervision techniques that can be used daily in your interactions with clients.
- Skills to develop rapport, change behavior, and address skill deficits.
- EPICS-II represents a collaborative, and individualized approach targeting current factors that put the client at risk.
- Can be used in the community or the institution.
The Balanced Approach
- Outcome measures by officer orientation
Three types of approach used by officers
- Holds clients accountable for violation
- Uses a more punitive approach
- Emphasizes rehabilitation
Balanced between the two (in between)
- The approach endorsed in EPICS II
- Gets the best client outcome
- Law enforcement
Core Components of EPICS‐II
Relationship skills – the most important component
- Giving Feedback
- Active Listening
- Communication skills
- Role Clarification
- Understanding the Risk Assessment
- The Behavioral Analysis
- Creating case plans
- Effective use of reinforcement
- Effective use of disapproval
- Effective use of authority
Cognitive Intervention skills
The Cognitive Model
- Gets more client buy-in
- Probation violations committed
- Motivation behind behavior
- Consequence of the behavior
- Avoiding negative behavior
- Handling future situation in a more positive way
- Problem Solving
- Relapse prevention RACE planning
- The Cognitive Model
- Relationship skills – the most important component
Historical Programs (12:58)
- Hawaii’s H.O.P.E. (Hawaii’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement) Program
Problem Solving Courts
- Drug Court
- Mental Health Court
- Veteran’s Court
Arizona’s Project S.A.F.E. (Swift, Accountable, Fair, Enforcement)
How is it done?
- Jail sanctions without revocation
Up to 120 days of deferred jail as a condition of probation
- Sanction: Up to 10 days from initial arrest
- Treatment: Up to 120 days from initial arrest
- Swift and certain, immediate
- Setting expectation that jail will be used to address violations
- Pavlov’s dog – negative behavior = immediate consequence
Discussed with judges and attorneys
- Assured due process
- Informed key players
- Using jail more frequently
- Discussed with judges and attorneys
- How is it done?
What makes ASSET unique?
- Establish rapport
- Clarify roles of all parties
- Managed expectations
- Swift and certain response to violations
- No negotiating for any violation
- EPICS II
- Motivational Interviewing
- Treatment dosage
- Evidence-Based Practices
- A video illustrating what happens in probation
What happens in a probation officer’s day
- Relationship Building
- Expectations and Accountability
- Accountability for negative behaviors
- Reinforcement for positive behaviors
- Example/case study/story of an alcoholic probationary
Intensive Probation Statistics in ASSET (1st year)
- Lasts approximately one year, followed by modification to standard
Successful completion of IPS – 70%
- Of this 70%, all but one are still making it on standard probation.
- Still on IPS – 5%
- Combined – 75%
- Sentenced to the Department of Corrections – 25%
Standard Probation Statistics in ASSET (1st year)
- Lasts 2 to 3 years
- Successful completion – 59%
- Still on standard – 22%
- Combined 81%
- Sentenced to the Department of Corrections – 19%
The Winning Formula
- EPICS II
- Swift, certain and fair sanctions to violations
- Motivational interviewing
Incentives and rewards
- Bus passes
- Free time on IPS
Why This Program Works / A Case Study (36:29)
- Never been held accountable for his whole life
- Did whatever he wants to do when he wanted
The client was supposed to be working but ended up going to an AA meeting.
- Under IPS, they follow a curfew schedule.
- Document where and when of their daily activities.
- Another officer saw the client downtown to notify the client’s assigned probation officer.
- The assigned probation officer called to check what the client is actually doing versus what was plotted on his schedule.
- While they are encouraged to be social, he deviated from his schedule.
- If you’re not doing what’s on your schedule, you should instead be at home.
Client was held accountable for an overnight jail sanction
- Jail sanction isn’t automatically 10 days
- For this violation, 2 days/overnight was deemed fair
How many people are joining this webinar from your logged in location? (02:32)
- Just me 85%
- 2-5 12%
- 6-10 2%
- 16+ 1%
Have you heard of Effective Practices in Correctional Settings (EPICS II) communication techniques?
- Yes 29%
- No 71%
What are your thoughts on swift and certain jail sanctions? (34:30)
- 3% Too harsh
- 25% Should use another consequence first
- 60% Sounds interesting
- 5% Our department uses this technique
- 7% No opinion
For questions and clarifications, contact:
Tiffany Marsitto: tmarsitto@Coconino.az.gov
Chris Greenway: cgreenway@Coconino.az.gov
Karen Madden: email@example.com