Introduction to Doctrinal Sharia
- Information and instruction on Doctrinal Sharia
- Provide better understanding of how Jihadis use Sharia
- Insights on approaching military and law enforcement
- Implications of Sharia on investigation, response, recruitment, and outreach
Resource Speakers (00:52)
- Vice President of Understanding the Threat
- Researched thread of Jihadi organizations in the US undercover as a Muslim convert.
- Obtained 12,000 documents and 300 hours of covert audio and video recording
The Justice Clearinghouse (01:59)
- Peer-to-peer educational program/resource for justice professionals
- Year-round virtual conference on justice related topics and issues
- Events are free-to-attend, with subscribers having 24/7 access to recorded webinars and eligible for certifications which may be used for continuing education credits.
- Interactive webinars with quick polls, Q&A, and survey
What does the Enemy Want? (05:39)
- 15 years into 9/11, the US is still yet to identify the enemy and what they’re fighting for.
- Images of Muslim activist pushing for Sharia Law in different countries
- Muslims Who Want Sharia: 648 Million Muslims WANT Sharia (n=893 M)
- 32% say Honor Killings Justified
Not all Muslims want to live under and adhere to Sharia
- Afghanistan 99% 24 M or 24 M
- Bangladesh 82% 122 M of 149 M
- Egypt 74% 59 M of 80 M
- Ethiopia 65% 22 M of 34 M
- Pakistan 84% 150 M of 179 M
- Indonesia 72% 147 M of 205 M
- Iraq 91% 28 M of 31 M
- Jordan 71% 4 M of 6 M
- Morocco 83% 26.5 M of 32 M
- Nigeria 71% 53 M of 75 M
- Palestinian Territory 89% 3.5 M of 4 M
- Turkey 12% 9 M of 74 M
In the West
- France 35% of 47 M say suicide bombings justified
- UK 78% of 2.8 M want Mohammad cartoonists prosecuted
- USA 19% favorable towards Al Qaeda or “don’t know”
- Osama Bin Laden: November 18, 1998 letter to Taliban:
“I do not need to tell you that this sacred struggle should continue until… holy places of Muslims are liberated from the occupation of non-Muslims and the Islamic Sharia is enforced on the land of God. Obviously, for the enforcement of Sharia, it is essential for all Muslims that they should establish an Islamic system on the basis of teachings of the Prophet Mohammed.”
- Global Islamic Nation
The Muslim Brotherhood (09:54)
- Founded in 1928 by Hassan al-Banna
- Purpose: To reestablish the Caliphate which was dissolved in 1924.
- Groups like Council on American-Islamic Relation (CAIR), Islamic Society of North America (ISNA) are members organizations
Islam, the Qur'an, Sunna, and Sharia (11:52)
- Islam means submission
- Muslim means ‘one who submits’
The Qur’an is literally considered as the word of Allah
- 114 suras (chapters)
- Organized not chronologically, but by length of chapter
- What Islam is All About, page 17
"Who recorded the words of the Qur'an? When the Blessed Prophet Mohammad was receiving the revelations from Allah, he memorized them and then taught them to other people. In this way, the Qur'an was safe because so many people learned and discussed its message"
Sunna are sayings, teachings, and traditions of their prophet Mohammad
- Born in 570 AD in the Arabian peninsula
- In 610 AD, he received his Quranic recitations in Mecca
- By 622 AD, he made Hijrah from Mecca to Medina
- Ijma refers to the legal consensus or agreement of Muslim scholars on issues settled under Islamic Law. Settled for all time, not open for new interpretation.
- The concept of abrogation and progressive revelation for the Quran. Later verse will overrule what came earlier.
- Only 1 sharia, no multiple versions
- The boundaries by which Muslims operate under Muslim law, set by the Quran, and by prophet Mohammad’s teachings.
- Dr. Mohammad Shafi, Islamic scholar and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Trustees for Dar al Islam (daralislam.org)
“There is a complete agreement on a single text of this Arabic Qur-an by Muslims of all schools of law, of all theological and philosophical learning, and of all ethnicities and nationalities.”
- Nyazee, Imran Ahsan Khan, Islamic Jurisprudence, IIIT Press, 2000
“The law was laid down in the period of the Prophet gradually and in stages. The aim was to bring a society steeped in immortality to observe the highest standards of morality. This could not be done abruptly. It was done in stages, and doing so necessitated repeal and abrogation of certain laws.”
Interpretation of the Quran (21:35)
- Quranic Basis for Abrogation
- Suras of the Qur’an in Chronological Order comparison
Samples of verses that have been abrogated by later verses/suras
- Verses that specify capturing, ambushing, keeping prisoner and instilling terror to non-believers
- Compiled by Abdullah Muhammad bin Ismail bin Al-Mughirah Al-Bukhari
- The most authentic and reliable book after the book of Allah
- Sample of Bukhari verses
Dar Al Harb / Dar Al Islam (41:44)
- A dichotomy between the two which translates as house of war and house of Islam
- Dar Al Harb – those that are not under the control of Islamic Law
Reliance of the Traveller
- Index of Islamic Law
- From war fighting to marriage contracts
- Al-Azhar University approved (with stamp of approval)
Reason and Good/Bad (45:17)
- The Knowledge of Good and Bad
“There are no disagreements among the scholars, that the source of legal rulings for all the acts of those who are morally responsible are almost glorious. The good is what the good considers good, and the bad, what reason considers bad. The measure of good and bad is the sacred law."
- Leaving Islam is the ugliest form of unbelief (kufr) and the worst.
- Upon reaching puberty, a person who voluntarily apostatizes Islam deserves to be killed
- There is no indemnity for killing an apostate
Acts that entail leaving Islam
- Prostrate to an idol
- Intend to commit unbelief (even in the future)
- Denying verses of the Quran
- Sarcasm about the rulings
- Accepting any other religion like Judaism and Christianity makes one an unbeliever, and deserves death
- The war against non-Muslims
- Etymology: Mujahada – warfare to establish religion
Professor Dr. Sheikh Ahmad Muhammad Al-Tayyeb
- Jihad is to make Allah’s word supreme, spread the religion, defend the honor of the Islamic nation, and respond to aggression against Muslims.
- Jihad is an obligation for all Muslims
Saudi Perspective (English High School Text, Islamic Center of Oakland, CA)
- To be true Muslims, we must prepare and be ready for jihad.
- A duty of citizen and government
- Military education is glued to faith
- Those killed in the cause of Allah will be admitted to Paradise
- Good deeds and bad deeds are being recorded in Islam, if good deeds outweigh bad deeds, they will go to paradise, else will go to hell.
- Lying is permissible if it is aligned to attaining the goal of jihad.
Total warfare under Sharia
- Political influence operations
- Intelligence gathering
- Working with media propaganda
Omar Ahmed in an FBI-wiretapped meeting
- Working with the media to advance Jihad
Open Letter to Pope Benedict XVI
- Jihad is not a holy war
- Holy war does not exist in Islamic language
- It means 'struggle in the way of God'
Prophet Mohammad used the mosque for:
- Social gatherings
- Teachings of Islam
- Where people pray
- Ammunition is stored
- Where Jihad is planned and launched
- A sacred place
- Where a mosque goes up in a community, that place and community is Islamic land.
Honor Killings (58:32)
- Not used as a term in the Sharia, instead ‘permissible killing’
The following are not subject to retaliation
- Muslim for killing a non-Muslim
- A mother/father for killing their offspring or their offspring’s offspring.
- Annual giving (2.5% of their income)
8 categories of recipients
- The poor
- Those short of money
- Zakat workers
- Those whose hearts are to be reconciled
- Those purchasing their freedoms (slaves)
- Those in debt
- Those fighting for Allah – those engaged in Islamic Military Operations
- Travelers needing money
Samples of who qualifies to receive Zakat?
Imam Mohamed Magid
- Executive Director, ADAMS Center, Sterling VA
- Department of Homeland Security Advisory
- Imam Mohamed Magid
9/11 Commission Report (1:02:50)
Muslim Public Affairs Council
- 9/11 Commission identifies Islamist terrorism as the threat
- Recommends that the US government find other terminology
- Comparative use of Islam terms (like Sharia, Jihad, Islam, Muslim, Caliph, etc) in 9/11 Commission Report with the FBI Counter-Terrorism Lexicon and National Intelligence Strategy
You mentioned earlier that if you’re gonna read one book on Islamic Law, read this book. Was that book the Reliance of the Traveller? (1:06:17)
The other thing that I thought was very interesting is we did receive a number of questions with people relaying personal experiences where the attendee used the word jihad and they were told ‘Jihad you created that word and so on and so forth…’ and so I think we answered those questions and concerns, if they misunderstood the word jihad, when in reality they didn’t. And it sounds like the Reliance of the Traveller does talk about what jihad is and essentially supports what we talked about today. (1:06:40)
You mentioned classic Arabic that only 1% of the Muslim population can speak or read classic Arabic. What are the reasons for that? Is it taught in schools around the world? Or is it not taught anymore? (1:07:20)
It is taught, but it’s one thing to know the actual Quran statements and be able to speak classic Arabic. There are few Muslims who can memorize Quranic passages in classic Arabic as it is written in the Quran, but they would not necessarily be able to speak it. And what they say is, if you can’t speak it, then you can’t really understand it.
“We're fifteen years after 9/11 and to this point, we, the US government and our national security apparatus is yet to identify the enemy in this war. Part of identifying who we're fighting is also identifying what the enemy is fighting for.”
“If you’re reading Jihadi writings and they say ‘all scholars have agreed upon’, or ‘agreed upon by the scholars’, that means that matter has been settled for all time. It is not open up for new interpretation. That’s the concept of Ijma. The other concept that is important is the concept of abrogation or progressive revelation. So the Quran was revealed in stages over time. And generally speaking, a verse or sura that comes later if it contradicts something that came earlier, the later verse or sura chapter in the Quran will abrogate or overrule what came earlier.”
“Jihad is total warfare under Sharia. It is political influence operations. So that can be intelligence gathering, law enforcement or outreach, working with media, media propaganda. So when you see Muslim Brotherhood organizations being interviewed by the media after a terrorist attack, understand that they are obliged to lie if it advances the agenda, and creating the narrative after a jihad attacks, and he said that he attacked because he did it to advance the Sharia or to advance the Islamic State. And the narrative of the media is he was insane, or he had a mental illness, which is often the narrative after a jihad attack. Just understand that if it advanced the jihad in any form, in the media, political influence, intelligence gathering, treason, yes, even terrorism, then that is permissible, under Sharia. And not just permissible but obligatory to lie to advance the jihad.”
“When you hear Sharia scholars using words, you need to filter those words from English to English through the filter of Sharia. So when an Islamic scholar uses the word peace, they mean the world where we have peace. When it is under Sharia, Freedom means freedom from man-made laws. Justice – there’s only justice under the Sharia. Terrorism – is to kill a Muslim without light under the Sharia. Innocents – Muslims are only innocent under Sharia. Human Rights – is defined as the implementation of Sharia. Suicide – is not permitted in Islamic Law, but someone killing the enemy by blowing themselves up is not considered suicide, that is considered martyrdom. “