The shift towards intelligence based practices rose post-9/11. From being a largely response-focused discipline, the emphasis is then turned into a proactive, intelligence-based approach that yearns to recognize, identify and prepare for problems before it actually transpires. The approach is applied to policing and corrections using intelligence from the backend to drive operations.
Mitch Volkart, the Director of Intelligence and Security Solutions for GTL is this course's resource person to talk about intelligence based practices. In his role with GTL, he is responsible for providing their client agencies with intelligence-related solutions through various services for data mining, link analysis, voice biometric, and detection, among others. With 15+ years of experience in law enforcement, Mitch is also an active Deputy Sheriff in Cole County, Missouri and is managing the Criminal Intelligence Unit of the Missouri Department of Corrections.
Mitch talks about the basics of intelligence and analysis, and how intelligence based-practice is being implemented in police and corrections agencies. Some of the areas he detailed on are:
- Intelligence as the product of information and analysis and the two types of intelligence that may be harnessed from data analysis.
- The process of analysis and how it can happen either consciously or subconsciously.
The intelligence cycle that serves as the analysts guide in performing their task and its steps.
- Planning to manage the whole effort from gathering information to produce intelligence and looks at its resources – staff, tools, and systems.
- Collection of data based on requirements, legal considerations, available data sources, and data-sharing restrictions.
- Processing the data either manually or automated through the process of data cleansing and verifying source reliability and data integrity.
- The actual analysis portion of the cycle that converts raw data into intelligence, the approaches analysts may take, and the types of inferences that may come out as a result of the analysis.
- The dissemination phase where the results of the analysis are turned into a finished product that may either be verbal or a formalized report, the components of the report, and the importance of disseminating the results.
- Re-evaluation where the whole process is reviewed to identify areas for improvement, the effectiveness of the effort and how it is utilized by its customers/users.
- A brief history of intelligence-based practice and how it affects the operations of law enforcement and corrections agencies.
- The practical applications of intelligence-led policing and intelligence-led corrections in agency restructuring, strategic planning, and participation in task force or fusion centers.
- How to ensure full buy-in across all levels in an agency.
- The solutions and resources that GTL provide to its clients and the results of the new technologies provided in improving data collection and analysis.
- Some of the reasons why people and agencies do not share intelligence.
- Dealing with qualitative assessments by focusing on comprehensiveness, strategy, procedures, and accountability.
Mitch clarified the attendees’ questions on:
- The importance of an analysis policy
- Assimilating sworn perspective into the analytical process
- Overcoming the differences between the statistic-driven and intelligence-driven approach
- Integrating data coming from disparate data sources
- The most important data source and information for crime analysis