Jihad as Terrorism Transcript

I’m taking to you from Rocky Mount Virginia which is just bellow El Rodeo, an hour from the North Carolina Border. That’s actually me in my office, but I’m not wearing a suit quite honestly today. First I want to thank you for being here and I want to thank you for what you do whether this is in the criminal justice realm or the homeland security realm or whether you’re a first responder, an analyst or whether you’re just like a interested or concerned citizen, I hope you enjoy this topic and if you want to talk to me further about it, if you need information, here’s my contact information. And I’d like to give one little caveat; I’ll only give one caveat today. I teach for about ten different universities and colleges. Opinions and facts I present here today are mine alone and that of schools I work for. We’re going to go along at a pretty good pace, I describe this as I drive along in a car, we’re going to be going about 25-30, we’re going to speed up and sometimes we’re going to stop and get out and kick the tires. At the end, if you have any questions, I will try to answer for you. If you have a question I can’t answer for you, I will try to get that for you before next couple of weeks. So email me if you like, if you have any questions.

I thought a long time before I decided I’d do this webinar. I’ve been studying terrorism for 30 years and I’ve been studying Jihad probably for the last 10 or 12 years. And I thought there’s no other reason at all to do this.  This right here, Francis Bacon was known for saying knowledge is power as well as Thomas Jefferson but Sun Tzu, the great war strategist says, “If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle” And I’m not sure where we are in this process as a nation, I think we’re going through a transition period and it’s something we have to have knowledge of. What I want to do today is, I’m not going to try to convince you of anything, I want to provide you with facts and I want you to make up your own minds and come to your own conclusions.

So first, one of my goals for you, what we’re going to try to accomplish, we’re going to bring awareness to a topic. Some of you may be very deep in this, maybe have been saying this for a long time and apologies if you have heard it, maybe you don’t know much about it and that’s ok. I want to create more of an understanding. So we understand and utilize the intelligence that we gathered and understand what the true threat is. It goes on and it talks about Jihad as terrorism is the actualized result which stems from a much larger pool of followers, believers sympathizers and compatriots. And it think you’ll see it’s about 3 or 4 or 5 themes as we go through here and I’ll kind of repeat them in different ways and when you get in, I think you’ll be able to pick up this thing very easily. First of all, terrorist and those who directly support them do not exist and operate in a vacuum. It’s not as if a person who commits and act of terrorism just woke up one morning and said, “I’m going to be a terrorist.” And I do want to say I teach a lot of terrorism courses and students fixate on terrorism which is important, but there’s a lot of other hazards we face, but they will talk about terrorism. But they also fixate on radical Islam or Jihadists, some people’s ideas were extremist. But there’s been terrorism around for centuries and there’s been all sorts of types of terrorists and they still exist, but what we’re talking about today, or Jihadists, or radical Islamist terrorists. You don’t have to be a card carrying, certified member of ISIS or Al-Qaeda or Jihadists. The media or politicians like to say, and it is important when we do these investigations after the fact, can we tie them back to a cell, can we tie them back to other players, other people out there who are still free to commit crimes but it seems as if everybody takes jubilation in, “Well, they weren’t ISIS, they weren’t Al-Qaeda, they were a lone wolf.” And we’ll talk more about lone wolves in a minute. Such things as Sharia law pose an existential threat and serves as a springboard for violence in many Muslim dominated and controlled societies and I will say Sharia law poses a threat even in non Muslim dominated and controlled societies. This roots which are learned from infancy in many cases where Islamic inspired terrorists create the tip of the Jihadist spear. And that’s what I like to call it, really the Jihadist actually want or commit the act of terrorism, they’re at the tip of the spear and that spear is very low and very deep. And that’s what we’re going to talk about today. What actually creates the spear where the Jihadist are at the tip of it. For others, some of in the US, maybe kind of radicalized the social media or live venues, some mosque, notice how I didn’t say all mosque and I’ll show you a lot of data about mosque in a few minutes, and religious techs themselves. Notice I didn’t say self-radicalized. I’m not totally opposed to the term self-radicalized, but again, I think that’s a way out for people. When they are able to say, “We’re self-radicalized.” In other words, they all happen on our own, they didn’t have anything to do with anybody else. They didn’t just spontaneously become a terrorist, there were other things that help create them being self-radicalized if you will.

I call this terrorism 101. This is really important, I want to spend a minute on this. You really have to look at what terrorism is. Terrorism is a tactic, nothing more, nothing less. It’s a tactic. I’m not trying to diminish anything by that, but you have to look at this very non-emotionally, very matter-of-fact-ly. I’ve seen people over the years in the media, I’ve seen politicians, I’ve especially seen students, they view the event and they view the magnitude of event as terrorism. That’s not how you determine whether something’s terrorism at all or not. Magnitude of the event has nothing to do whatsoever whether something’s terrorism or not. What decides whether it’s terrorism or not is totally based on a motive and the motive alone. You can look at a lot of other things and get that impression or not, but it’s all about the motive and that’s why it’s so important for us to identify what terrorism actually is or what the players are behind terrorism. This is what I like to tell my students: all terrorist are criminals, but not all criminals are terrorists. Think about it as we go along here and for those of you who remember, you’re going to have this powerful event we’ll tell you, and I suggest you go back and look at it as much as you want, if you wish. But it’s very important to understand that terrorism is a tactic, nothing more and nothing less. I’ll give you an example. I’ve had students and people say, well the Virginia Tech massacre by Cho back in the early 2000s was an act of terrorism. It wasn’t terrorism at all, it was a horrific act, but Cho’s motive had nothing to do at all with terrorism. So let’s look at it further. The distinctions. If you go down here and you’ll see Jonathan White’s Continuum of Conflict and there you can see folk violations, civil crime, organized crime, riot, terrorism, guerrilla war…

Another thing I have students tell me, they like to argue, well, the patriots in the revolutionary war were terrorists. And I would argue, no they weren’t, they fought a warfare but they weren’t terrorists and I’ll show you why I think that in a second. One of the biggest problems we have is actually finding what terrorism is. In the United States alone, we have over 100 definitions of terrorism. Even our own federal government has different definitions of terrorism. And very quickly, I actually prefer the FBI definition the best, but I would take a little bit from each one of these and blend it into the FBI definition. And words matter, words mean things. And of course, when you charge people with acts of terrorism, we’re probably going to be charging them with murder, conspiracy, explosions, assaults and maybe terrorism under federal law, under certain codes. But the definition still [08:36] as well.

The FBI definition: the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population or any segment thereof in furtherance of political or social objectives.

That’s the best definition in my opinion. I like the Defense Department definition in some ways because it goes on, it says, “A calculated use, or a threatened use, of force or violence against individuals or property to coerce or intimidate governments or societies, often to achieve political, religious or ideological objectives.” I like that they added there not just the political or social, like FBI did, they added religious objectives as well. And the State Department has a pretty good definition as well. As you can see, these are 3 of the main players and they don’t have the same definition of terrorism.

Very quickly, most of you may know the word eschatology and what it means. It actually means the day of Yahweh which means the day of judgment by God, as a term tied to apocalyptic thinking. And I’m going to be honest with you, over the years, over 30 years of studying terrorism, my thoughts and views of terrorism have changed. For the last 10 years, my thoughts and views of terrorism have changed a little bit. This is one of these areas where it has actually changed. And the reason it’s changed, because I’ve done my own studying, not just listen what somebody else said. That’s why I said in the beginning, I want you to do your own study and not just listen what I tell you. When I teach my students, I don’t try to indoctrinate them. I want to give them information and them to make their own factual decisions. Revelation and eschatology mean the same term. For Christians, for over 2000 years, they’ve been waiting for revelation to happen, no one knows when that will be. There’s disagreement in when it might occur, nobody knows. Joining political beliefs and apocalyptic thinking is ripe for violence. And as we go through here, you’ll see where these two things are joined together. Eschatological terrorism is not only dramatic; it’s mammoth in nature and effect. I will say, for a long time, I’ve applied this to Islamic radicalism, I actually don’t as much as I used to. I don’t see a lot of writing, I don’t see a lot written for Islam where they focus as much on the day of Yahweh as the Christian religion or other religions might. I’m not saying they don’t, but I don’t see that being the main focus and that’s important as we go through here.

But the role of eschatology does several things, it creates a dogma or a religious point of view, the world is separated by good and evil. Killing is sacramental in nature, violence is indiscriminate, they speak for God or for Allah, they have no wider audience, the greatest good is for self and they demonize their enemies. And I think if you look at that, you can definitely see where Jihad fits that 100%. I’m going to get out of this really quickly and we’re going to go over to radical Islam.

An important term I want to go through super quickly, you’ve heard most of these probably. A caliph is the title of ruler of Umma, the global Muslim community, the head of former Islamic Empire. It was abolished in 1924 by the caliph who was in Turkey. I’m not going to spend much time on it but the Ottoman Empire broke up after World War 1 and after that happened, the Muslim brotherhood was created. The Baghdadi and ISIS have a new caliph. I’m not sure if people recognize that, but that’s definitely his goal. And it’s actually the goal for the whole world. I can’t speak Arabic, so I’m probably going to slaughter these words.

Dar al-Islam: “House (Realm) of Islam”; Islamic territory ruled by Sharia law. And I’ll show you a map later on about all of this.

Dar al-harb: “House (Realm) of War”; territory ruled by infidels.

And this is how the Muslim world puts things. And when I say that, I’m talking about the fundamentalists, radical Muslim. I’m not talking about what you may call mainstream Muslims.

The House of Truce, this is very interesting here, territory ruled by infidels but allied with Islam. Territory ruled by Muslim but not under Sharia law. And I’m not sure of the exact percentage, but quite a few of the Muslim countries are in Sharia law and there are some who [13:04]. And I’ll show you that map in a few minutes.

Dhimmi: People who are the people of the book are Jews and Christians and Zoroastrians. When the Muslim religion first came about, there were polytheists and monotheists. Jews and Christians and Zoroastrians were mono, means one God, Allah or God, and all the rest were polytheists. The Muslim actually gave little more leeway to the people of the book, they can actually fall under a dhimmi. In other words, throughout history, they didn’t always force conversion, but if you were not a Muslim, under their empire, then you were a dhimmi. In other words, you were protected, but you were a lesser class citizen. You had to pay taxes, you didn’t have the same rights as the Muslim person did.

Hadith: very important here, and we’ll see this as we go throughout. A report of any thousands of episodes of the life of Muhammad. I’m going to hit that more directly as we go on and I want to spend a second on it. Islam means submission or surrender. These two cities are critically important: Mecca, the holy city of Islam, place of Muhammad’s birth around 570. And this is very important. The period of Muhammad’s life was more peaceful verses Quran will reveal. It’s very important to remember that, this is one of the peaceful verses of the Qur’an were reveal. Medina, the state of Prophet is the second holy city of Islam, that’s where Muhammad immigrated in 622to and that’s where the more violent verses of the Quran were revealed, very important to remember this as we go along here. Muslim is the one who submits. Of course, you know what the Quran is. Sira means life, abbreviated version. Basically it’s like a biography of Muhammad and we’ll talk about that. Sunnah is the way the Prophet Muhammad includes his teaching, traditions.

So really, a lot of people think it’s just the Quran, it’s not just really Quran at all. The Sira and the Sunnah, play a big role in the life of a radical Muslim and other type of Muslims. The Sura are chapters in the Quran. Really quickly, in 2010, there were over 1.6 billion Muslims in the world, about 23.4% of population. In the Middle East, in North Africa, that’s 91.2%, Sub-Saharan Africa, it was about 30%. Asia and Oceania was about 25%, Europe was about 6% and the Americas was 0.6%

In the next several slides or data, responds in time in the last 10 years, I didn’t make these numbers up, they are what they are, you have a URL there and you can actually go find these numbers yourself. 26% of younger Muslims in America believe suicide bombings were justified. This was in 2007. Now what that younger age bracket is, I don’t know, if it’s 18-21, I’m not sure. 35% of young Muslims in Britain believe suicide bombings were justified. When you see 24%, that means the overall population of Muslims. 42% of Muslims in France believe suicide bombings were justified. 22% Muslims in Germany believe suicide bombings were justified and 29% in Spain. Pretty high numbers actually.

Some more data and now you see the URL’s bellow there and when you look at the URL, you can see the year, that was 2013 was the first one. 8% of Muslims in the US say suicide bombings and other violence against civilians in defense of Islam is sometimes or often justified. The good news is, 81% sad never justified. 29% of Muslim Americans agree that violence against those who assault Muhammad or the Quran is acceptable. That’s a pretty high number. Not quite as good, but still ok 61% disagree but look at the high percentage that agree. 24% of Muslim Americans say that violence is justified against those who offend Islam and you see the amount that disagree. 51% of mosques in the USA have texts or site rated as severely advocating violence, 30% have texts rated as moderately advocating violence; and 19% have no violent texts at all. We’re going to talk about mosques later on, I’m going to give you a little more data on mosques as we go along. 38.6% of Muslims believe that 9/11 attacks were justified. 7% “fully”, 6.5% “mostly”, and 23% “partially”. That was in 2008. 5% of Muslim Americans have a favorable view of al-Qaeda. 27% couldn’t make up their mind and 58% reject them.

Pretty staggering numbers honestly. Large majorities of Muslims are in favor of Sharia law. Among those who do, stoning women for adultery is favored by 89% in Pakistan, 85% in Afghanistan, 81% in Egypt, 67% in Jordan, 50% in Indonesia, Thailand, 50% in Iraq, 44% Tunisia  and you can see 29% and 26% respectfully.

58% of Muslim-Americans believe criticism of Islam and Muhammad is not protected by free speech.

45%, and this is under 2012 data, 45% believe mockers of Islam should face criminal charges.

12% believe blaspheming Islam should be punishable by death.

43% believe people of other faiths have no right to evangelize Muslims.

32% of Muslims in America believe that Sharia law should be supreme law of the land.

Again, if these numbers bother you, please don’t attack the messenger, you can if you want to, but it’s the data that’s out there. The research has been done and they’re pretty staggering numbers. According to a nationwide online survey of 600 Muslims living in America, 51% believe that either they should have the choice of US or shariah courts or that they should have their own tribunals to apply shariah. Only 39% of those polled said that Muslims in the US should be subject to American courts.

I’ve only seen a couple of cases where some courts have tried to allow this in, they looked at international law and international law had to go through Sharia law. Europe is a little further along with this, Great Britain does allow analysis from Sharia law courts, looking at it again more carefully.

Nearly 25% of Muslims think that it’s legitimate to use violence to punish those who give offence to Islam. Remember this is in America. 20% respond that the use of violence is alright for Sharia law. Here at the bottom, here’s another survey, the Pew Research center estimates that the number of Muslims in the US was 2.7 millions in 2011 and grown at a rate of 80-90 thousand a year. If these numbers are right, there should be between 3.3 or 3.5 million Muslims today. Throughout my years of studying this, I’ve heard different numbers. I’ve heard as low as 5% are radicalized. I’ve heard as high as 15% are radicalized. I’ve actually heard other people say 20%, 25%. But the numbers that I’ve heard pretty steadily are between 5% and 15% are radicalized. Now, you just saw all of those numbers that I just gave you and those numbers actually raise these numbers well above 5%-15%. I’m being very conservative here.

So if only 5% of Muslims in the United States are radicalized, that would be about 175,000. Now, I go back to what we’ve talked about in the beginning, not all people are terrorists, only a small group commit terrorist acts, but that spear is very long. I consider a spear everybody who aren’t radicalized Muslims. 10% of radicalized would  be about 350,000 and only 15% would be about half a million. So I give you that just to give you a little visual.

The beginning roots of Islam, the Quran came down to Allah from the Archangel Gabriel. Allah told his followers who at a later point, Mohammad didn’t write so he told his followers and they actually put it in writing. The Quran is about as long as the Christian New Testament, 114 suras, not to be confused with the Sira, which are more biographical. And this all occurred about 610 AD. Here’s a picture of where Islam first started. If you look down toward your right, you’ll see a little green area and there you see Medina and there you see Mecca. Now to the left of that would’ve been the Byzantine Empire, over to the magenta, purple area and to the right would have been the Persian Empire. These were two huge empires on both sides of what would become Islam. Over a period of time, the Muslim defeated both of these empires because the empires have been fighting for so long and they were weak. So this is the map where it began and you can see some of the other empires. I want to tell you, people will say, “Well, they’re not the only one who conquered by conquest, they are not the only ones who have overtaken land.” And you’re exactly right. Many different empires have existed, the Greek, the Romans, the Mongols, the British, all sorts of different empires have conquered through violence. The problem is, they are all countries that exist and not trying to take anyone else. The problem is that the radical Islamists are still 22:47 in 624 AD and they still have the same agenda. I didn’t say all Muslims, I’m talking about radical Islamists, still living in the 600, 700, 1400s. Here is a one map, this is in 624, in 733, you can see how much they expanded. This did not expand through missionary work, this did not expand through social media, this expanded purely through conquest, through the sword. I will tell you later a little bit more about Mohammad but it’s important to realize in first 20-22 battles fought, Mohammad was involved in those battles. So it was spread by the sword and there was four major occasions where Islam was stopped from taking over Western Europe, I’m talking about all of them, but one was here in Spain as you can see and then there were other areas toward the Black Sea where the battles took place. One thing you hear, when the crusaders did it all, it’s all their fault, everybody hates everybody because of the crusaders. I’m not trying to rewrite history, but let’s get it factually correct. The Islamic world is under Mohammad in 632 as you can see here, there’s Medina, there’s Mecca and you can see how it spread out, 632 and 631, you can see the darker green were spread through under Calips, Muhammad died, Calips took over and spread. And between 661 and 750s, you see it spread further. Now, that’s where the map stops, it actually spreads further than that, it’s spread to Constantinople, up into the Eastern part of Europe. Now this is with the crusaders. On the right, you’ll see Islam at the time of the first crusades 1096 in the dark and then the Turkish wade in 1250 and then 1500 and in the red, you can see the crusaders and they retook Spain and they took part of Jerusalem, the Holy Land. And this was out of basically the aggressive nature of the Islamic armies. A lot of people don’t realize the Islamic armies were called different things, they were called mores(sp?) in Spain, they were called Tartars in Turkey so you may have not realized, but those all are Muslim armies.

Ok, I’m not posting one religion against other, I’m not inviting my own religion, but it’s important to understand. If you are Christian, you may have heard WWJD, what would Jesus do? That’s very important to Christians, there’s a book that I read to my little girl when she was young, What would Jesus do? And for a Muslim, they ask the same question: what would Muhammad do? This isn’t meant to be offensive, it’s a fact, what would Muhammad do? It’s what any good Muslim would ask. Well, that’s a military strategy, if you want to see what Muhammad would do, look at his military strategy, look at international diplomacy, and we’re talking about all this today. Look at social policy. All you have to do is ask what would Muhammad do and that is your answer. It’s as simple as that. Islamic Doctrine is derived from two sources, Quran, which we talked about and The Sunnah, this is basically the hadith or Sirah. And this basically come from biographies. And for radical Muslims and for many Muslims, the Sunnah, or hadith or Sirat are just as important as the Quran because to do exactly as Muhammad did, would be the right way to do, whatever it is you’re doing. Do exactly what Muhammad did. Just like any Christian would say, do what Jesus did, would be the right way of doing it. It’s just a fact.

Islam requires submission, we’ve talked about that. Now this is interesting, on the day of judgment, Allah weighs one’s good and bad works and decides whether you go to paradise or not. It’s not so much faith if you believe in Allah, it’s based on your good and bad works. Except, Allah stated in the Quran, if you die in jihad, you are spared judgment and automatically go to paradise. That’s a pretty good incentive, no matter what you did, when you were alive, if you die in jihad, you go to paradise. No matter what, no questions, that’s just a fact, according to the Quran. The verses in the Quran that speak of jihad, override the verses that speak of love and kindness. Now, I’ll show you why that is in a minute. That’s one of the most important things you can take away today. Jihad is the motivation behind almost every act of terrorism that is done in the name of Islam. And I may offend people today, but I just have to say that radical Islam or jihadist is not related to Islam is to say like breathing is not to life, that blood is not to circulation. It is exactly the reason, it is the only reason.

Very quickly, I’m not a theologian for Christianity or for Islam, but I’ll say this as well as I can to this point. Secular Muslims, and they believe, and this isn’t just my opinion, this is just a lot of research and in the end, you can find a lot of research, you can go to refer to this. Secular Muslims and they are all Secular Muslims, they believe in the nice part of Islam, they reject the call for jihad. This is actually the majority of Muslims. And I want to tell you that a lot of these Muslims were killed by radical Islamists as well. Maybe they might be the most victims of all. Traditional Muslims, they study, know, and practice Islam. They know of jihad but consider it a spiritual struggle. The other group of traditional Muslims know jihad and believe it is a harsher version, but they do not practice it for several reasons. Lack of ability and they don’t want to and they don’t want what would happen to them. So you have secular Muslims, traditional Muslims and then what you call fundamentalist Muslims or radical Muslims. These are the ones who follow the Quran in writings, exactly, no deviation. These are the ones that are committing terrorism, but it’s not just them who commit terrorism. They wish to practice Islam as Muhammad did, that’s why I say WWMD and they are called radical but they’re really practicing true Islam. That’s just a fact. I’m going to spend a few minutes talking about different pieces from the Surah and the hadith or the Quran and you’ll see in the end which one these are from. Those who reject Islam must be killed. If they turn back from Islam, take hold of them and kill them wherever you find them. That’s what it says, it’s not my interpretation. So when you meet those who disbelieve, smite their necks till when you have killed and wounded many of them and then bind and bond them. Both of these were from Surah. I’ve already mentioned this, whatever Muhammad did in life is a model for everybody. It would be the same thing for Christians who believe in Jesus. That’s the exact same thing for fundamental Muslims. Whatever Muhammad did, it sure will be what I did. The sourced of the Sunnah, I’ve already mentioned this, the hadth literature specifically record sayings of Mohamed and sirat is basically his biography.

About 80-85% of Muslims are Sunni and about 15-20% are Shiite. The Shiites are mainly in Iran but not totally. For time’s sake, I’m not going to read through all of this but this is just another way of looking at various types of Muslims. There’s about 72 different types of Muslims overall. It’s like if you look at Christians, we have Catholics, you have Protestants. Under Protestants, you have all sorts, even under Baptist, you have all sorts of different Baptist. It’s kind of the same thing when you look at Islam. I do want to mention a couple of things here. Wahhabism is a dominant form of Sunni Islam found in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Qatar. Wahhabis see themselves as adherents of the true authentic Islam, the so called original Islam that existed in the time of the Prophet. Very traditional, ultraconservative, fundamentalist. Now, I want you to remember, Saudi Arabia is one of our allies. Salafism might be attributed to earlier, pre-modern periods or not per scholars. Salafi are considered to predate Wahhabi but they’re basically about the same. If you look at it, I spent a lot of time trying to find out the difference. One is just an earlier form of the other one. Then you’ll hear the word Khomeinist, basically they follow the Ayatollah and of course we know they’re Shiites.

This is probably one of the most important slides I can talk to you about and go over with you. Abrogation, it’s so important to understand this. I did not know this until I started to study it deeply and then I started changing how I thought about all this. Verses that come later in the Quran, chronologically supersede, or abrogate, the earlier ones. In effect, this results in more moderate verses of the Meccan period being abrogated by the later, violent, Medinian verses. This is what is says in the Quran, this is why abrogation is allowed. “When we cancel a message, or throw it into oblivion, we replace it with one better or one similar. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things?” So basically, the earlier verses of the Quran are superseded by the later verses. The earlier verses occur in the Muhammad earlier rise to power and the earlier verses were kinder, gentler, sweeter, loving, but the later verses became much more harsh and militaristic. If you read the Quran, it doesn’t work like a lot of books does and we’ll see this as we go along, very important term here.

Very quickly, Sunnis and Shiites. The Sunnis, caliph the ruler elected by religious leaders and not in lineage, that what the Sunnis believe how it should come about. Shiites believe that the caliph should be a descendant of Muhammad. That’s the big difference from the two.

So other things that are important in Quran from other writings. Lying/Taquiyya: It is permissible for a Muslim to lie, especially to non Muslims to safeguard himself personally or to protect Islam. That’s in the Quran. It goes on. “Unless you indeed fear a danger from them’ meaning, except those believers who in some areas or times fear for the safety from the disbelievers. In this case, believers are allowed to show friendship to the disbelievers outwardly, but never inwardly…We smile in the face of some people although our hearts curse them.” And this is one of the hadiths or surras. Non Muslims are “the most vile of created beings” in the Quran. Be “merciful to one another but ruthless to the unbelievers” in the Quran. For the Muslim brotherhood and we’ve actually partnered with them in some cases for some strange reason. “It is the nature of Islam to dominate, not be dominated, to impose its law on all nations and to extend its power and to extend its power to the entire planet.” Plain and simple, I’m not trying to over exaggerate it. And there has been plenty of documents found with the evidence and there’s three or four major ones will show you what the plans are of some of the radical Islamist. “Islam isn’t in America to be equal to any other faith, but to become dominant.” The Quran should be the highest authority in America, and Islam the only excepted religion on earth. This is from Omar Ahmad, Council on American Islamic Relations co-founder/Board Chairman in 1998.

Democracy and Islam, they really just don’t work together because of Sharia and it goes along and says, “And if any fail to judge by the light of what Allah has revealed, they are no better than unbelievers.” To a radical Islamist, to a fundamental Islamist, the Sharia is it, the Sharia goes over anything, even the constitution over anything. “The Sharia cannot be amended to conform to changing human values and conduct must conform to changing human values and standards. Rather, it is the absolute norm to which all human values and conduct must conform.” That’s from the Muslim Brotherhood.

Apostasy. Basically, this is once you become a Muslim, you can never go back. “Anyone who after accepting faith in Allah, utters Unbelief, except under compulsion, his heart remaining firm in faith-but such as open their heart to Unbelief, on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a dreadful Penalty. Later on, I’m going to show you some different authors and we’ll talk a specific one real quickly.

Another critically important verse in the Quran is the Verse of the Sword, Muhammad in his life, this was revealed. Then when the Sacred Months (the 1st, 7th, 11th, and 12th moths of the Islamic calendar have passed, then kill the Mushrikun (unbelievers) wherever you find them and, and capture them and besiege them and prepare for them each and every ambush. But if they repent and perform, basically ritual prayers and give alms, then leave their way free. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. That’s the Verse of the Sword.

The Pillars of Islam, they have to make a declaration of faith, pray for five times a day, purification, fast for Ramadan and if possible, pilgrimage to Mecca.

Very quickly, the Sharia law. Unlike many religions, Islam includes a mandatory and highly specific legal and political plan for society called Sharia, which translates approximately as “way” or “path”. Islam is not just a religion, it is a legal and political way of life. It is everything to a true, fundamentalist Muslim, it’s everything, it can’t be anything but. It’s legal, it’s political, and nothing supersedes that for a fundamentalist Muslim. Because the Sharia originates from the Quran and the Sunnah, it’s not optional. Sharia is a legal code ordained by Allah for all mankind. Not just for the people who believe. To violate Sharia and not accept its authority is to commit rebellion against Allah, which Allah’s faithful are required to combat. There is no separation between the religious and political in Islam. I’ve heard someone say recently that Islam should not be viewed just as a religious, to be viewed as political too. I’m not going to go over there right now, that’s for you to think about. The precepts of Sharia may be divided into two parts: Pillars. Acts of worship and human interaction. The first, what I’ve just read were the acts of worship. It was too deep to get into human interaction. What I’ll say is, human interaction means everything.

This is the map of the world, I hope you see this ok, the green, Sharia plays no role in the judicial system. They are Muslim areas but they play no role in the judicial system. This isn’t a hard thing. Yellow, Sharia applies to Muslim’s personal law. Blue, Sharia applies in full, including criminal law. Orange is variations. And you see that in Malaysia but you can see there’s a lot of influence of Sharia. And actually, this is not totally correct, if you go to Europe, there are some places that the European courts have allowed Sharia law to come in.

So what does Jihad mean, really quickly, for some people it means inner struggle. For some people, ask what it actually means, inner struggle. As in any case of trying to determine Islamic teaching on a particular matter, one must look to Quran and the Sunnah. We kind of talked about that. I’m not going to read through all of that but you can kind of see it. Muhammad’s impressive  military career attests  to the center role military action plays. Like I’ve told you, he fought in the first 20 something actions, most at the beginning of Islam. It goes on. “Jihad is fighting anybody who stands in the way of spreading Islam. Or fighting anyone who refuse to enter Islam.” That’s based on a Surah. 60% of the Quranic verses talk about Jihad. Muhammad received most of the Quran after he left Mecca. Now, I want to spend just a second on this. If you were to read the Quran, the Quran is not written in chronological order, it’s not written from the first message Muhammad got to the last. It’s written from the shortest to the longest so you had to, and scholars have done this and figured out, it’s not that hard to do, which verses were written at Mecca and which verses were written at Medina and I’ve already showed you their law actually saying that the latter verses are the ones you have to go by. A lot of time, apologists will look at earlier ones and not look at the later ones. I often wonder why are you doing that? Are you doing it because you don’t know? That’s one thing. But do you know and just don’t want to see the truth. “Fight and kill disbelievers wherever you find them, and seize them, beleaguer them and lie in wait for them in every stratagem of war.” This is from the Quran. “Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of truth from among the People of the Book, until they pay the jizya, which is the tax, willing to submit themselves.” Again, they didn’t always kill everybody because they still needed a population but they basically made them lesser people. But there are occasions where they do kill everybody. People will say, “Well, Christians did that too.” Again, we’re talking about now. “So fight them until there is no more fitna and all submit to the religion of Allah alone.” Which is unbelievers. “ I have been commanded to fight people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and perform the prayer, pay the tax. If they say it, they have saved their blood and possessions from me, except for the rights of Islam over them. And their final reckoning is with Allah.” This is one of those earlier writings. And it goes on. “Jihad means to wage war against non-Muslims…” and it goes on from there.

Real quickly, I want to spend a minute on this. Asymmetric warfare is basically fighting warfare any way other than the conventional matter. And that’s what’s going on now. You’ll see a lot of, not so much cells being created, but I think there are cells out there, you’ll see leaderless forms of it, freelance. That doesn’t mean they’re not being effective. I want to tell you, in a minute we’re going to look at some data on what’s going on right now but since 9/11, we’ve had many attacks here but worldwide, there’s been over 28,135 attacks. That’s one number, I’ve seen different ones, this was the best number I could find. 28,135 attacks worldwide that were Jihadist attacks. I don’t think that problem is going away. Low-tech, low-cost weapons and we see this. Bin Laden issued a fatwa is says, it goes on and talks about “organized violence conducted between political units of vastly unequal military capability, where the weaker side relies on relatively low-tech means to attack a more powerful high-tech opponent.”

We’ll spend just a minute looking at what are some of the weapons. These are just a couple of things leading to 9/11. We should’ve said, “Hey, there’s a problem out here, we weren’t really thinking in a way that we should have.” ’83, the Beirut bombings. I’m going to tell you something else too, I almost put Vietnam war here. You might say, “What does Vietnam has to do with anything?” In a way, nothing. The people who are waging war against us don’t live in a vacuum, they read history, they’ve read other terrorist, they’ve read all the material, they’ve looked at us, they saw what happened to Vietnam, we pulled out and left. They saw what happened in ’83 in Beirut, we pulled out and left. They saw what happened in ’93, they bombed us, we didn’t do much. They actually said they’ll do it again. In ’96, Bin Laden declared war, we didn’t do much, in ’98 he said we’ll use all sort of stuff on you, we didn’t do anything. In ’98, two of the Embassies were attacked, we didn’t do much. In 2000 US Cole was attacked, we didn’t do much. Then the September 11th happened. I actually…these pictures, I put them on a paper for my doctoral work and the professor said, “Those pictures are offensive.” Really? I’m not in those pictures, I didn’t create those pictures. This is the reality we deal with. “Behead those who insult Islam.” “Be prepared for the real holocaust.” “Islam will dominate the world.”

You may not be familiar with this, maybe you are, I don’t have time to get into it today, but to the left, that’s Beslan, Russia. Chechnyan Islamic terrorist took over that school and in a three day battle, hundreds were killed, many children. You mostly know about that, if you  don’t, I suggest you look it up, there’s a lot of good books on that. That’s my fear it’s going to happened here. I’m surprised that sort of thing hadn’t happened here already. When we look at the tactics, if they could use chemical weapons, they would. If they could use biological weapons, they would. Radiological, nuclear, cyber, they would use all of these. They’re using cyber very well actually in social media context. What are they using? You know as well as I do IED’s, vehicle born IED’s, bombs, explosives are still the main. Hostage taking, vehicles are a big thing now, we’re seeing that more. Shooting, burning, decapitating. All of these things, they will use whatever comes to mind that they can use. Nothing’s off the table for them.

Some trends. All of these are from 2013. I did my own research on this and my numbers are close to what they have. Remember, this is up to 2013 so we don’t have the last three years, so the numbers have gone up in the last three years. These are the attacks of the US or attempts of attacks or plots. And you can see 2001, I won’t read through these, you can look at them yourself. 2011 and then 2015 and 2016, we know there’s been plenty of attacks. How terror plots ended? Thank goodness, because of what you all do all day, 53 of them were fought by law enforcement, 3 or 4 because the terrorist didn’t know how to make the bomb right, 4 were successful attacks. Remember, we’re not including ’14, ’15 or ’16, there’s been more successful attacks from then. And I would wager and say, there’s probably a few more than what they show here because sometimes I’m not sure they identify them correctly. This is the map of the area where the 49 places were at, to see they were successful. I’m going to spend a minute on this just so you can visualize it, I have other methods I want to show you.

This is where they came from. 77 of them came from the United States, they were either US born or naturalized citizens, 23 UK and you can see the rest of them down through there. Talking about mosques, 70% increase in mosques in the US since 2000 and there you can see the states where the most of them are at the top. At the bottom, there’s a map showing you, where you see religious law, that’s basically Sharia law, that’s just reinforcing the map I showed you earlier but you can see there’s a quite a few mosques and the numbers have increased exponentially. Distribution of mosques in the US, see the dark blue, the second dark blue and up to the…you can see that on your own. Again, you’ll get this if you’re a member, if you want to copy this, just email me.

Very quickly about mosques. Random survey of 100 representative mosques in the US, this isn’t my data, this is the data that came from research, of the 100 mosque survey, 51% had text on site rated as severely advocating violence, 30% had text rated as moderately advocating violence, 19% had no violent texts at all. I’m embarrassed to say, I haven’t study a lot but New York City did. But for a while there, New York City was looking at mosques pretty hard and of course, they’ve been told to stop that now. This is a delicate area to deal with but I think we have to look at this. 84.5% of mosques the Imam recommended studying violent religious text. The leadership at Sharia adherent mosques was more likely to recommend that a worshiper study violent text than leadership at non Sharia adherent mosques. 58% of mosques invited guest imams known to promote jihad. I want to say, there’s a lot of history. In the earlier history, mosques, and they still are in some places, mosque, because remember, for a fundamentalist Islam or Muslims, politics religion, military, social life, they’re all one thing. A mosque is a gathering place for fundamentalist where they go, they plan, they work, everything takes place there. Not all of them, but a percentage of them.

Concluding remarks, there you see [48:54] multigenerational war. At this point, the enemy is using terrorism and all the force multipliers against us. They’re using their laws and freedom against us. The answer or response to this war is not job programs or empathy on our part. It is not appeasement. They view all that as weaknesses. Closing Gitmo is not the answer, the Gitmo wasn’t a problem to begin with. Part of the answer is a strong united front involving both law enforcement domestically and our military internationally through a series of counterterrorism operations based on real time, accurate and unfiltered honest intelligence. That’s what this entire presentation is about. Real time, accurate and unfiltered honest intelligence. Political correctness is our absolute worst enemy. I’m going to say it how it is. Before we can truly be successful, we must recognize the enemy as for what it is and what it is not. And I say that, a little bit a play on words, but I want you to realize that not all Muslims are terrorists and like I told you before, at least 28,135 attacks. The majority of them have been by other Muslims. And that’s why it’s important that we do recognize radical Islam for what it is and not say we can’t say that because then we’re going to be against all Islam. No we’re not, but we should be at war against radical Islam. That’s the end of the presentation, that’s my information.

I want to show you a few slides, a few references. All of these are very good references. The ones in yellow, I highly recommend. The one in red, if you don’t read any other book, read this book. M.A. Gabriel, that’s not his real name, he was a scholar at the top Islamic university in the world in Egypt. He converted to Christianity, when he did, they tried to kill him. Actually, they either shot him or stabbed him. He lives in the United States now. The book is absolutely excellent and this is from an insider’s point of view. So Erin, we have a few minutes left, we went through a lot, there’s a lot to cover. Remember those key points I talked about, I hope you found it interesting, I want to thank you again for everything you do. I hope you take time afterwards to think about this, let it sink in. don’t take what I said for granted, do your own research, if you disagree with me, that’s fine but do your own research and come to a conclusion. Thank you Erin!

Erin: Thank you Dr. Fox and I can’t second what you just said, is that everyone needs to do their own research. Hopefully Dr. Fox’s presentation is aid, provides a pointer and maybe for some folks, a little bit of an eye opening into a nature of this threat. Dr.Fox, we have a ton of questions, I don’t think we’re going to be able to go through them all but I’m going to start.  The first question is: do you feel like there’s a correlation between four sacred months of the Islamic calendar and incidents of terrorism?

Dr. Fox: Yes, I don’t know how much of a correlation, but I do believe dates mean things because again, if you go back to the WWJD and then if you take WWMD, and if you look at, if you’re a Christian, what dates mean to you, there are certain days that mean a lot to you and if you’re a Muslim, certain things would mean a lot to you. Not just from a religious context, but from a historical context and that’s why it’s good to go back and look at history. History is so critical to understand these dates and times. and it does tell you in the Quran, the months that you’re not supposed to do battle, beyond that, I can’t get much into it, but I do believe that there are correlations. Even other types of terrorists have used correlations for different dates. We know April, during May, there’s…the types…So I think throughout most cultures and especially, this is not a culture, this is a way of life, dates to mean things.

Erin: I do have a question for you, have you or are you planning to write a book on this subject?

Dr. Fox: I’m writing another book right now. I want to, I have another one planned after this one but I do want to, I think it’s important. I’ll be honest with you, this is something I’ve struggled for a long time, when I first started working on my PhD and teaching [53:18], I promised myself I would do nothing but be brutally honest and not politically correct, that’s a dangerous thing. I stick to that. And I think it’s something that needs to be gotten out there. So down the road, I do plan to, but not right now-

Erin: Yes, absolutely. Another question, how do Islamic, [58:38] scholars define Jihad and is there any difference amongst those scholars on a death mission in Jihad?

Dr. Fox: I think, if you go back to what I was showing you, it can vary, it really depends from the frame of reference you’re coming from. If they are secondary Jihadist, are they fundamentalist Jihadist or are they mainstream Jihadist? That’s where they’re going to view it from and here’s the thing, once they’re drawn out to the light of day, they will not say the same thing they would maybe say in private mosque or in a private meeting but there’s plenty of writings on that, there’s been documents found, interviews and evidence and federal trials showing exactly what they think. The Muslim Brotherhood really was leading…after the fall of the last caliph with the Turkish Empire or the Ottoman Empire, the Muslim Brotherhood was the leading group, they’re still out there but now, you have all sorts of other Jihadist groups out there who are involved. So it really just depends on the source, but yes, there’s disagreement between them, they don’t agree at all on that, it just depends. And there’s honest disagreements, like I said, Jihad for certain people is an internal struggle, they honestly believe that. Jihad to radicals is not an internal struggle, it’s a totally different thing.

Erin: Quick question, do you consider the actions of drug cartels in Mexico to be terrorism and if not, why?

Dr. Fox: …but generally speaking no. Remember what I said, all terrorists are criminals, but not all criminals are terrorists. It has to go back to the motive and if you use any of those three definitions that I gave you, the Department of Defense, Department of State, or FBI, if you looked at those carefully, I believe, unless you can show me, that the drug cartels are trying to overthrow the government and they have some other higher calling other than just being profiteers, I would say they’re not terrorists, they seem terroristic. And this is a question I get a lot, the question I use on college classes. There’s a lot of similarities between the two, but it boils down to the motive and you have to be very factual about it. matter of fact, you have to be very factual about that legally if you’re going to take them to court over it. Now, that doesn’t mean you’re about narco terrorism. It’s funny how radical Muslims, fundamentalists, would say, “We’re pure, we’re so pure.” But it’s so funny if you look at the things they’ve done before they do what they do. They are going to prostitutes, they’re looking at this or looking at that, they don’t mind drug dealing but they’re pure. So can there be a correlation between the two? Would they get in bed together? Yeah, they would get in bed together but I do think they’re two different things.

Erin: So in terms of, I’m going to try to combine a couple of questions into one because we really are running out of time. First of all, how do you approach a person and begin this conversation? So much of the discussion in the mass media has been about Islam being a peaceful religion, how do you begin that conversation with someone and what do you recommend for maybe starting to opening eyes for other folks?

Dr. Fox: First of all, I hate to say this, you had to be willing to take a beating because there’s a possibility that you will take a beating over saying it. we live in a politically correct, politically charged world, it depends on where you work, what you do. Honestly, so often now, people are called in front of whatever it is and told you have to apologize. First of all, have your facts, don’t paint with a broad brush. I’m a Christian, but I don’t approach this from a Christian point of view, I approach this from an academic point of view, from a very matter of fact. I don’t say all Muslims are bad, that’s not my faith, but I’m not condemning their faith. What I will say is, if you read the Quran literally as fundamentalists and radicals do, it is what it is. If you understand how it’s set up, it’s what it is, it’s a fact so be factual. I would tell you, if you’re really interested in that, and it depends on what purpose you’re going for, there ones in yellow, [57:54] is fantastic, read his book too, but definitely read Gabriel’s book. And approach it…it depends on who you’re trying to talk to about it. if you’re doing this from a law enforcement point of view, you need to present them with facts, feel free to use my material here, but just make sure you have your ducks in a row and you got to approach it in just the right way, be willing to take a beating over it because it can happen to you.

Erin: Absolutely! And take you again so much. For those of you that are interested in understanding how to develop infrastructure protection, take a look at the Justice clearing site on the website for a follow up with Dr. Fox on February 8th. This concludes our webinar. Thank you Dr. Fox and everyone else for joining us today! Have a great day and stay safe! Bye now.

Additional Resources
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Jihad as Terrorism
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