Motivational Interviewing for Criminal Justice Professionals Webinar Notes

  • Motivational Interviewing MI is a communications style to pull intrinsic motivation to change by
  • Developing a working relationship is critical to successful MI Counseling
  • Counseling helping styles include following, directing, guiding
  • Counseling Following helping style involves the therapist following the person. Example: grief counseling
  • Counseling Directing style involves therapist leading the charge in a certain direction.
  • Counseling Directing style includes use of warning, arguing, blaming, shaming, moralizing language
  • Counseling Directing style involves our innate tendency to correct other people’s behavior
  • Counseling Directing style may result in disengagement, defensiveness and tension in relationships
  • Counseling Guiding style involves therapist guiding client rather than leading or following
  • Counseling Guiding Style requires suppression of natural directing style
  • Motivational Interviewing is Counseling based on Guiding Style and was developed by Bill Miller
  • Motivational Interviewing Counseling focuses on building rapport, trust, sense of optimism and empowerment
  • Motivational Interviewing Counseling is collaborative conversation style strengthening a person’s own motivation and commitment to change
  • Motivational Interviewing focuses on pulling from client the reason(s) for them to change
  • 4 Key Motivational Interviewing Concepts: Acceptance, Compassion, Partnership, Evocation
  • Motivational Interviewing Partnership focuses on collaborating with client that is considered an equal
  • Motivational Interviewing Partnership accepts where client in change process is without judgment. Does not imply accept certain behaviors.
  • Motivational Interviewing Compassion involves empathy – that counselor can step into their shoes and understand their perspective
  • Motivational Interviewing Evocation involves getting the client to talking about change and reasons for change
  • Motivational Interviewing Acceptance involves avoiding confrontation
  • Counseling Guiding Style has been shown to be 20-30% more effective than Directing Style
  • Motivational Interviewing counseling is 2-3 times more as effective with ethnic minorities
  • Motivational Interviewing counseling actually takes less time than other styles
  • Offenders using Motivational Interviewing reduced their substance abuse in 75% of cases
  • Probation Officers using Motivational Interviewing counseling showed significant client improvement in criminal thinking
  • Criminal justice is only now starting to use Motivational Interviewing
  • Motivational Interviewing counseling in criminal justice requires identification of change goals/target for every conversation
  • Motivational Interviewing counseling increases change talk and decreasing sustain talk
  • Motivational Interviewing counseling change talk is discussion that indicates client is moving toward change goal
  • Motivational Interviewing counseling sustain talk indicates the client is moving away from the change goal
  • Motivational Interviewing counseling requires that counselor arranges conversations to avoid sustain talk
  • In Motivational Interviewing counseling reducing sustain talk avoids power struggles and reduces burnout
  • Motivational Interviewing counseling change talk categories: Desire, Ability, Needs, Commitment, Reasons, Steps
  • Motivational Interviewing counseling can use change talk categories to drive direction of conversation
  • When Motivational Interviewing change talk is mixed with sustain talk, tease out the change talk with reflection
  • Motivational Interviewing statements includes: Open ended questions, Affirmations, Reflections and Summaries
  • Counseling closed questions are those that can be answered with just a few words. Tend to not expand conversation
  • Counseling Open-Ended Questions are those that pull for a longer answer.
  • Counseling affirmations recognizes progress through praise. Need to be specific
  • Counseling reflections involves paraphrasing the client to emphasize change talk or clarify points of confusion
  • Counseling summaries are longer reflections to direct conversation toward change goal and may end with question
  • Counselor can provide information during a Motivational Interviewing session but must limit to avoid directing style
  • Counselor may want to elicit question such as “what do you think of that information”
  • Motivation Interviewing may not be appropriate when a person in crisis and actively harming themselves or someone else
  • Motivation Interviewing especially key for initial engagement but might require other style later in counseling
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