People don’t always tell the truth, some individuals lie profusely, while some just do it if it means they would get out of trouble. In the field of criminal justice where you deal with different individuals of different backgrounds, the ability to ‘read’ and discern people is very important.
On this course, one of Justice Clearinghouse’s regular guests, Ray Nash, will deep dive into lies. He will explain the ten types of lies often used by deceptive subjects – from criminals, witnesses, and even victims – in their effort to mislead investigations. Sheriff Nash is a seasoned professional in the criminal justice arena with his 40-year law enforcement career and his current role as the CEO and founder of Police Dynamics Institute.
Using case studies and examples, Ray will train us into detecting deception and discrepancies and walk us through the ten types of lies. Today’s course discussed:
- A brief review of the Inductive Interview System (IN2), its characteristics, features, and phases.
- The working definition of what a lie is.
- The ten types of lies identified in the Inductive Interview System including verbatim examples for each
- The lie of denial where the subject flat out denies claims or allegations, how to discern if the denial is truthful, and how to invoke truth from denials through minimization.
- The lie of fabrication where the subject makes up a story and the fool-proof technique to spot a fabricated story.
- The lie of omission where no outright lie is made, but specific, often significant, portions of the narrative is left out and verbal indicators to watch out for this type of lie.
- The lie of minimization where a fact is minimized or told in partial to downplay its impact and avoid serious implications.
- The lie of embellishment where details are exaggerated for whatever purpose it serves the subject.
- The lie of reference where instead of telling the truth about an incident, a truth is told in reference to a lie told in the past.
- The lie of evasion where the subject misdirects the interviewer or interview in an attempt to evade answering a question directly.
- The lie of definition where a subject alters the definition of a term to justify an action.
- The lie of the double negative (even triple or quadruple negative) where the use of two negative words causes vagueness.
- The lie of distortion where a technically true statement is said to mislead and obscures the truth.
- Several case studies are presented via video and audio to help course attendees observe and identify the lies committed by familiar personalities.
- Questions that were brought up on the Q&A segment involved:
- People’s awareness of the lies they tend to commit.
- How trauma plays a part in recalling events in chronology.
- The process involved for trained inductive interviewers to spot lies and discrepancies.
- Results relating to the effectiveness of the Inductive Interview System.